Songs that refer to the city include "I Love Perth" (1996) by Pavement, "Perth" (2011) by Bon Iver, "Perth" (2015) by Beirut and "to Perth, before the border closes" by Julia Jacklin (2020). Crawley home gets Perth mayoral hopeful’s vote.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics has stated that most who nominate "Australian" as their ancestry are part of the, Of any ancestry.  Murray was born in Perth, Scotland, and was in 1829 Secretary of State for the Colonies and Member for Perthshire in the British House of Commons. Other shopping precincts include Watertown in West Perth, featuring factory outlets for major brands, the historically significant Fremantle Markets, which date to 1897, and the Midland townsite on Great Eastern Highway, combining historic development around the Town Hall and Post Office buildings with the modern Midland Gate shopping centre further east.
Temperatures often fall below 30 °C (86 °F) a few hours after the arrival of the wind change. The lowest temperature recorded in Perth was −0.7 °C (30.7 °F) on 17 June 2006.  On most summer afternoons a sea breeze, known locally as the "Fremantle Doctor", blows from the southwest, providing relief from the hot northeasterly winds.
Perth was host to the 1962 Commonwealth Games and the 1987 America's Cup defence (based at Fremantle). Retail shopping in the Perth CBD is focused around Murray Street and Hay Street.
Temperatures above 40 °C (104 °F) are fairly common in the summer months.
Curtin University, previously known as Western Australian Institute of Technology (1966-1986) and Curtin University of Technology (1986-2010), is Western Australia's largest university by student population.
, Although the Colony of New South Wales had established a convict-supported settlement at King George's Sound (later Albany) on the south coast of Western Australia in 1826 in response to rumours that the area would be annexed by France, Perth was the first full-scale settlement by Europeans in the western third of the continent. Mandurah, Western Australia's second-largest city, has in recent years formed a conurbation with Perth along the coast, though for most purposes it is still considered a separate city.  Anglicans are 13.8% of the population.
Having narrowly missed out on a council seat in 2017, Activate Perth chair Di Bain has spent recent years building her profile and getting to know the needs of the city's businesses and residents.
 There are many heritage sites in Perth's CBD, Fremantle, and other parts of the metropolitan areas. Joondalup was granted the status of "tourism precinct" by the State Government in 2009, allowing for extended retail trading hours. DAB+ has mostly the same as both FM and AM plus national stations from the ABC/SBS, Radar Radio and Novanation, along with local stations My Perth Digital, HotCountry Perth, and 98five Christian radio. Perth Arena can be configured as an entertainment or sporting arena, and concerts are also hosted at other sporting venues, including Optus Stadium, HBF Stadium, and nib Stadium. South Africans overtook those born in Italy as the fourth-largest foreign group in 2001.  Tourist attractions are generally focused around the city centre, Fremantle, the coast, and the Swan River.
Perth provides zero-fare bus and train trips around the city centre (the "Free Transit Zone"), including four high-frequency CAT bus routes.  The physical network is maintained by Western Power, while Synergy, the state's largest energy retailer, sells electricity to residential and business customers.  The Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross claims over 2,000 members.
Respecting the result of the referendum, the new government nonetheless petitioned the Imperial Parliament at Westminster. Perth has a road network with three freeways and nine metropolitan highways. Captain James Stirling founded Perth in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony.  It was the last of the Australian colonies to agree to join the Federation, and did so only after the other colonies had offered several concessions, including the construction of a transcontinental railway line from Port Augusta in South Australia to Kalgoorlie to link Perth with the eastern states. , In 2012 the minimum requirements for students to receive their WACE changed[how?].. There are Hindu temples in Canning Vale, Anketell and a Swaminarayan temple in Bennett Springs. More wildlife can be observed at the Aquarium of Western Australia in Hillarys, Australia's largest aquarium, specialising in marine animals that inhabit the 12,000-kilometre-long (7,500 mi) western coast of Australia.
Perth is also home to the Western Australian Academy of Performing Arts at Edith Cowan University, from which many actors and broadcasters have launched their careers.
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 As a result, the city has been described as "the Australian capital of South Africans in exile".
The Indian community includes a substantial number of Parsees who emigrated from Bombay – Perth being the closest Australian city to India – in 2016 those with Indian ancestry accounted for 3.6% of Perth's population. Notre Dame was established as a Catholic university with its lead campus in Fremantle and a large campus in Sydney. Winters are wet but mild, with most of Perth's annual rainfall between May and September.
, By virtue of its population and role as the administrative centre for business and government, Perth dominates the Western Australian economy, despite the major mining, petroleum, and agricultural export industries being located elsewhere in the state.
It was simply cheaper to import all the needed manufactured goods from either the eastern states or overseas. The highest temperature recorded in Perth was 46.2 °C (115.2 °F) on 23 February 1991, although Perth Airport recorded 46.7 °C (116.1 °F) on the same day. The Perth International Comedy Festival features a variety of local and international comedic talent, with performances held at the Astor Theatre and nearby venues in Mount Lawley, and regular night food markets throughout the summer months across Perth and its surrounding suburbs.
This isolation, however, has helped foster a strong local music scene, with many local music groups. , The metropolitan extent of Perth can be defined in other ways – the Australian Bureau of Statistics Greater Capital City Statistical Area, or Greater Perth in short, consists of that area, plus the City of Mandurah and the Pinjarra Level 2 Statistical Area of the Shire of Murray, while the Regional Development Commissions Act 1993 includes the Shire of Serpentine-Jarrahdale in the Peel region.. At the 2016 Census, 166,965 England-born Perth residents were counted, ahead of even Sydney (151,614), despite the latter having well over twice the population.
 The State Theatre Centre of Western Australia is also located there, and is the home of the Black Swan State Theatre Company and the Perth Theatre Company.
A trial winter (1 June – 31 August) sprinkler ban was introduced in 2009 by the State Government, a move which the Government later announced would be made permanent.
Perth's economy has been changing in favour of the service industries since the 1950s. The ethnic make-up of Perth changed in the second part of the 20th century when significant numbers of continental European immigrants arrived in the city. They were forced to camp around prescribed areas, including the swamps and lakes north of the settlement area including Third Swamp, known to them as Boodjamooling. Perth houses the Parliament of Western Australia and the Governor of Western Australia.
 Perth is the seat of the Anglican Diocese of Perth.. Over 39,000 members of the Uniting Church in Australia live in Perth.
The city is now the cultural hub for Anglo-Burmese worldwide.
 Perth is also home to the largest population of Anglo-Burmese in the world; many settled here following the independence of Burma in 1948 with immigration taking off after 1962. , Perth has also become a hub of technology focused startups since the early 2000s who provide a pool of highly skilled jobs to the Perth community.
Its campus is in the west end of Fremantle, using historic port buildings built in the 1890s, giving Notre Dame a distinct European university atmosphere. City of Perth frontrunner Di Bain has nominated for both mayor and council positions after previous ruling out the latter.  Beginning in 1831, hostile encounters between the British settlers and the Noongar people – both large-scale land users, with conflicting land value systems – increased considerably as the colony grew.  The only contemporary information on the source of the name comes from Fremantle's diary entry for 12 August, which records that they "named the town Perth according to the wishes of Sir George Murray".
Elizabeth Quay is also a notable attraction in Perth, featuring Swan Bells, a panoramic view of Swan River, and the sculpture Spanda by artist Christian de Vietri.   The two Australian Football League teams located in Perth, the West Coast Eagles and the Fremantle Football Club, have two of the largest fan bases in the country.  On 19 September 2006, the Federal Court of Australia brought down a judgment recognising Noongar native title over the Perth metropolitan area in the case of Bennell v State of Western Australia  FCA 1243. The Perth Festival is a large cultural festival that has been held annually since 1953, which includes the Perth Writers Festival, and has since been joined by the Winter Arts festival and Fringe World. Scitech also conducts live science demonstration shows, and operates the adjacent Horizon planetarium. The local business paper is Western Australian Business News.  Yagan Square connects Northbridge and the Perth CBD, with a 45-metre-high digital tower and the 9-metre statue "Wirin" designed by Noongar artist Tjyllyungoo. The state's highest court, the Supreme Court, is located in Perth, along with the District and Family Courts.
ABC stations include ABC News (585AM), 720 ABC Perth, Radio National (810AM), Classic FM (97.7FM) and Triple J (99.3FM). Major community radio stations include RTRFM (92.1FM), Sonshine FM (98.5FM), SportFM (91.3FM) and Curtin FM (100.1FM)..
, In 1933, Western Australia voted in a referendum to leave the Australian Federation, with a majority of two to one in favour of secession. Outdoor concert venues include Quarry Amphitheatre, Supreme Court Gardens, Kings Park and Russell Square.
 The museum holds numerous items of significance, including three Victoria Crosses.
The 24-hour Perth Telethon claims to be "the most successful fundraising event per capita in the world" and raised more than A$20 million in 2013, with a combined total of over A$153 million since 1968.. Perth has ten large hospitals with emergency departments.  Perth has an average of 8.8 hours of sunshine per day, which equates to around 3200 hours of sunshine and 138.7 clear days annually, making it Australia's sunniest capital city.
Industrial employment influenced the economic geography of Perth.  Perth-born performer and artist Rolf Harris became known by the nickname "The Boy From Bassendean".
Tourist Drive 203 is a circular route in the Swan Valley, passing by many attractions on West Swan Road and Great Northern Highway. As of the 2008 state election[update], 42 of the Legislative Assembly's 59 seats and 18 of the Legislative Council's 36 seats are based in Perth's metropolitan area. It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is Australia's fourth-most populous city, with a population of 2.14 million living in Greater Perth.
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